Lecture series at the National Hellenic Research Foundation (NHRF)
THE SETTLEMENT OF ZAGORA ON ANDROS AND THE CITY OF BALBOURA IN NORTHERN LYCIA: TWO CASE STUDIES
Emeritus Professor, Faculty of Classics, University of Oxford
These case studies do not embody a coherent view of how ancient cities should be studied. Rather they are the two settlements with which I have been especially concerned over the last 50 years. They represent a personal journey, and show two very different ways in which a single scholar may approach the study of an ancient settlement. At Zagora on Andros, excavations directed by Alexander Cambitoglou between 1967 and 1974 investigated an unusually extensive settlement of the 8th century BC. As the person responsible for the architectural recording, my attention was drawn mainly to questions arising from the details of the development – to the significance of bonding or abutment of walls, to the implications of consistent or inconsistent orientations and of variations between different parts of the site. The project at Balboura, in the mountains of southwest Asia Minor, was very different. The settlement, founded around 200 BC, was in a totally different environment from Zagora, and the project was a surface survey, so that although considerable architectural remains were visible, they could not be examined in the same detail as excavated buildings. But research could focus also on Balboura’s territory, as much part of an ancient polis as the central settlement, and on identifying the ethnic groups involved in the establishment of Balboura. In spite of their separation in time and place, however, one final question is raised by both settlements: what is it that justifies calling a settlement a polis?
The video of the lecture is available at the repository Helios of the National Hellenic Research Foundation.